The recent catastrophe in Jammu and Kashmir is seemed to be more of a man-made disaster instead of natural calamity, increased development of infrastructure, massively reduced wetland areas (Wetlands are vegetated pond systems with a specific design to detain water for treatment) in the valley over the last two decades, and notably the lack of an effective storm water drainage system are among the reasons behind this tragedy. As per the survey reports revealed by a government body which indicates that over the last 30 years, nearly 50% of wetlands in Kashmir valley have been encroached upon or severely damaged.
Life Green Systems has termed this calamity as a byproduct of “ecological imbalance”; undoubtedly there have been certain issues and problems due to ecological imbalance in the valley which have taken the horrible look after the 6 days constant rain. In Jammu & Kashmir, the disturbance of ecological balance and its adverse affects in the ecosystem resultant into a ruined and not flowing drainage system. The populated areas and trade hubs are being affected the most by flood in Srinagar.
The major cause behind this nature’s fury can be directly attributed to human folly like unregulated and unplanned style of urbanization, indiscriminate destruction of forestry and water bodies in the name of industrialization majorly planned for the benefit of vested interests, large scale massacring of well grown trees and loss of paved area for indiscriminate spread of concrete jungle in the guise of urbanization.
“God creates and Man destroys” could be slogan of the day.
Under such circumstances the ecology gets disturbed and to set it again at the normal level we need to look into the root cause of the problem.
Urban Flood Mitigation – Need of the hour:
- Kashmir has been the repository of fresh water source since ages; if the situation could have been dealt with intelligence then Kashmir could have been the source of clean water for many parts of the country. Setting up of Water Treatment plants and Sewage Plant can help immensely to regain the lost ecology.
- Measures to be taken to create artificial wetland habitat that works as the buffer zone to resist the chances of such tragic floods.
- Authorities should understand the urgency to build Storm Water Management or Drainage System to defy ecological disaster like this not only in Jammu & Kashmir but across India. Protection of wetlands will not only help in urban flood control, but will also help in recharging ground water levels across the country and thus ensure better food security by way of increased water availability. Although the Central Wetlands Regulatory Authority exists at present, it has been proving ineffective in saving the wetlands.
- There is a dire need of constructing well functioning water drainage system in Jammu & Kashmir or other regions of India. We also need to make sure that the drainage channels should be sound and synchronous with the natural topography of that particular region.
Our technical approach to develop artificial ecosystem by delivering effective wastewater treatment plants and fresh water management can help in restoring the ecological balance. Wastewater has been treated and reused successfully as a water and nutrient resource in agriculture, silviculture, aquaculture, golf course and green belt irrigation. The conceptual change that has allowed these innovative processes is to approach wastewater treatment as “water pollution control” with the production of useful resources (water and plant nutrients) rather than as a liability.
Alarmingly, there is no effective measures are in action to prevent the environmental and ecological damage which is being inflicted upon the natural resources of Jammu & Kashmir or other regions of India.
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